Over the past sixty years, the development of international institutions and agreements has accelerated in response to globalization and the partial erosion of the state system. One new type of international institution is the international court. Unlike human rights courts, trade agreements, and ad hoc tribunals, these two international courts have a broad mandate to…

Negligence is unreasonable behaviour which causes proximate harm. While this definition appears simple it contains several key questions that need to be answered when determining whether a person can sue or be sued for negligence. UNREASONABLE BEHAVIOUR Unreasonable behaviour involves acts that do not meet the standard of a reasonable person in the circumstances. Courts…

Murphy’s Law, the epigram that anything that can go wrong will go wrong, has been attributed to many authors. From mathematician Augustus De Morgan in 1866 to author Anne Roe in a Genetic Psychology book in 1951, the definition of Murphy’s Law can be found. The book Murphy’s Law and Other Reason Why Things Go…

In property law, an injunction is a specific order from the court to the losing party. The injunction requires the losing party to do something or to stop doing something. By contrast, damages are money amounts paid to compensate the plaintiff for whatever he lost due to the defendant doing or not-doing something. While most…

Michigan was one of only two states in the United States that required store owners to put a price tag on every item the store offered for sale. The law, known as the Item Pricing Act , the “Scanner Law,” or simply “Michigan’s price tag law,” also provided for penalties if store owners failed to…